Bury St Edmunds Oddfellows Arms
previously known as Angel & Crown, Old Angel, Odd Fellows' Arms
44 College St
grid reference TL 854 638
listed building grade II
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last updated 28/08/2014
Originally 2 houses, both built in the 16th century.
(Most pub, location & historic details collated by Nigel, Tony or Keith - original sources are credited)
(1861 census information from Malcolm Fairley)
(** historic newspaper information from Bob Mitchell)
The Angel & Crown was popular sign in 17th cent. England especially after the restoration of Charles II in 1760. Usually two angels are depicted.
The Independent Order of Oddfellows is a benevolent society, active since the early 19th cent. The origins of the name are far earlier though and it was originally an alternate to individual trade guilds - that were highly sucessful in medieval England in promoting apprentiships and restricting membership to protect craft skills. The power of such organisations were reduced by Henry VIII in 1545 when he confiscated their property, and further reduced in 1563 when Elizabeth I removed the responsibility for regulating apprentiships. Other legislation in 18th cent. made such organisations increasingly secretive though they continued to meet in local pubs.